Elaborate classroom displays harm childrens education
Researchers in the US find that children are more likely to lose concentration and score lower test scores when classroom walls are covered with over-elaborate displays
Teachers should consider taking down over-elaborate classroom displays amid concerns maps, artwork and photographs damage children’s education, according to research.Researchers said highly-decorated walls in primary schools undermined pupils’ ability to concentrate during lessons and absorb teachers’ instructions.The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, found that children educated in “sparse” classrooms spent more time "on-task" and gained higher test scores.
Academics from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, US, insisted they were not advocating a ban on classroom art work but said teachers should consider “whether some of their visual displays may be distracting to young children". Anna Fisher, associate professor of psychology, who led the study, said: "Young children spend a lot of time - usually the whole day - in the same classroom and we've shown a classroom's visual environment can affect how much children learn."
As part of the study, 24 primary school pupils were placed in laboratory classrooms for six introductory science lessons on unfamiliar topics.Three lessons were taught in a heavily decorated classroom - those filled with maps, number lines, shapes, artwork and other materials - and three lessons were given in sparse surroundings.
The study, in the journal of the Association for Psychological Science, showed that children learned in both classroom types, but picked up more when the room was largely free of wall displays.Children accurately answered 55 per cent of test questions taken in the sparse classrooms compared with 42 per cent in highly-decorated rooms.
It also emerged that the rate of “off-task behaviour” was higher in the decorated classroom (38.6 per cent) than in the sparse classroom (28.4 per cent). Prof Fisher said: “We do not suggest by any means that this is the answer to all educational problems. Furthermore, additional research is needed to know what effect the classroom visual environment has on children’s attention and learning in real classrooms."Therefore, I would suggest that instead of removing all decorations, teachers should consider whether some of their visual displays may be distracting to young children.
The researchers hope the findings could lead to further studies into developing guidelines to help teachers improve the design of classrooms, including removing some excess clutter. But it was claimed that children in sparse classrooms may find other ways to allow their mind to wander.
Karrie Godwin, the report’s co-author, said: “We were also interested in finding out if the visual displays were removed, whether the children’s attention would shift to another distraction, such as talking to their peers, and if the total amount of time they were distracted would remain the same.”
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