Top 4 Types of Leadership Styles in Education
In an educational setting, there are four major styles of leadership that work. Each of these have their own advantages. Also keep in mind that not one leadership style can work in isolation, and one style cannot be applied to all situations. Therefore, it is essential that today’s leaders recognize and incorporate elements from various leadership styles to apply to unique situations in leadership positions.
Servant Leadership takes the focus from the end goal to the people who are being led. There is no sense of self interest on the part of the leader, who steps back and supports only the interests of the followers. The highlights of this style are guidance and a culture of trust. A servant leader puts complete trust in the process and the followers.
The main issue with this style of leadership is it focus entirely upon the needs of the people within the organization, the goal of the organization is nearly completely lost and therefore not attained.
Transactional Leadership technically means give and take. In any work environment, this can translate into employer - employee relationship. Employers need work done and employees do that work in exchange for money, and everyone is generally happy with this arrangement. In education, there is often more at stake for employees who quite often understand their jobs to be more than just a simple exchange of services for money, but rather see their higher purpose. Money is therefore not the motivating factor.
Where transactional leadership was an exchange of goods and services, Emotional Leadership is about feelings and motivation of the followers. It demands that leaders be emotionally intelligent themselves and then motivate through the use of that emotional intelligence.
Transformational Leadership can be called an amalgamation of all the good qualities of the above three styles. While the other forms of leadership focus on one singular aspect or another, transformational leadership takes a broad view of the issues surrounding leadership and then uses those as a driving force for meeting the overall goals of the organization.
In education sector, transformational leadership offers guidance to followers, along with the service transaction, all the while keeping the emotions of workers in mind.
This article has been inspired by and contains excerpts from The Edvocate website. Read the original here.