Classroom Management Fundamentals for New Teachers (Part-1)
A strong instructional philosophy and a well-thought-out lesson plan forms the foundation for effective student learning. If you’re looking for a magic solution to classroom challenges, the following will be helpful. Here are four must-haves for a successful classroom.
- Create a Sense of Urgency
Urgency is created and maintained by the teacher—being urgent or engaged in what is happening in the class. Students know when we’re not enthused about what we’re doing. This shows in the teacher’s facial expressions, demeanor, tone and posture, and even movement about the classroom.
Nothing provides urgency for a student better than having to show others what they know. For example, create a multi-class competition and invite another class, administrators, or family members of the students. Now there is some urgency. Or, for young writers who are crafting personal narratives or short articles, arrange opportunities for them to submit and maybe get published in school/local newspaper or website.
Finally, give frequent checks for understanding. Frequent formative assessments give teachers vital information for planning and also keep kids on alert and on their toes. If students know that they do not need to know the information until the big test in three weeks, they’ll only begin to feel urgency as that test gets closer. A weekly quiz, for example, does wonders to keep learning fresh.
Stacks of Positive Encouragement
Challenge of working with young people is that they often want everything immediately. For students who struggle, create milestones so that they can see their progress. This encouragement works wonderfully. For example, a student may not be able to see progress on the final project, but when the teacher grades a portion of the project and gives specific suggestions for improvement, students can measure their progress.
Ask questions like “How is your goal to learn fractions to share with your classmates coming along?" ,"What can I do to help you be successful with the shading on your portrait for the art competition?," or "What have you decided are the best ways to present the books you’ve read to your family members?” These questions promote additional improvement, while assuming the best about your students and their effort and progress.
Create a Learning Team: High-Performance, Low-Maintenance
It is effective to put the objective goal for each day’s learning on the board and then deliberately refer to it at the beginning of the lesson. It is doubly effective to point out to the students that they have accomplished the goal at the end of the lesson. The teacher cannot do everything, pick students to complete simpler routine tasks and concentrate on more important ones. Regardless of age, students love to hand out the papers, notebooks or work for the teacher. Use these chores as rewards for good behavior.
Every team needs a leader or team captain. Selecting a student with confidence enough to stand up for themselves, and then allowing the students to select a second in command, works by giving the students some ownership on how their classroom operates. Next, provide classroom leaders the tasks of handling all voting on other leaders and decisions for the class. They can also help with preparation of learning materials or when you have multiple projects going on at the same time. They take their duties seriously.
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This article has excerpts from Edutopia site. Read the original article here.